Unruly Children; S. 608


During the Biedermeier period, children were viewed as pure, innocent and examples for adults to follow. The author Wilhelm Busch had a different view and decided to compose an illustrated book that depicted children as being honest in what they were–“active and selfish”. His book Max und Moritz: Eine Bubengeschichte in sieben Streichen is about two boys who go around playing pranks on adults for pure joy and amusement. There are seven pranks the boys perform in the book After each prank, the boys are seen laughing and never learn from their mistakes or from hurting others. After their seventh and final prank, a man decides to play a final prank and has the boys ground up in a mill–all the while he is attempting to hide a smile. Busch wanted to tell the world that as people get older, they cover up their true enjoyments and motivations. Max and Moritz embraced their enjoyments and made no attempt to hide them even in death. The man used violence (killing the boys) to restore the order of peace, but can be seen smiling in the illustration of the boys being thrown into the grinder. Modern society sometimes views children as “beings that lack intellect and reason” who need to be taught to be like adults as quick as possible rather than believing that children are children.

Ich habe ein paar Teile von Max und Moritz von dieser Website gelesen. Diese Geschichte ist genau so, wie das Buch beschrieben ist. Zwei Kinder spielen Streiche und Sie sind sorglos über die Konsequenzen. Sie sind schließlich getötet eines Erwachsenen.



The Confusion of Genre; S. 399


Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz was a writer in Germany who lived during the latter half of the 18th century. His work is rarely known outside of his lifetime and for this reason, he was considered a failure by other writers of the time such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Der Hofmeister was Lenz’s first play, considered his best work and is well-known for the style it was written in. Even though his play was written during the ‘Sturm und Drang’ period, Lenz preferred to compose the play by mixing elements from other literary periods such as “Classical rhetoric and an Enlightenment concept of language.”(s. 399) It’s popularity was mainly due to the social issues he incorporated into his play. His critics were quick to judge the play as being nothing but a failed goal for a new style of theater. Most of the situations in the play begin with one literary style and end up resolving under the guidelines of another literary style. Goethe thought Lenz was “Goethe as failure, as ruin, as idiosyncratic talent, shipwrecked on the shoals of life and art.”(s. 399) Writers continue to go through the rise and fall of success in modern times. A writer that is very popular today may not be as popular 20 years from now as well as having negative criticism pile up.

Ich habe diese Website gefunden und ich habe “An die Freude” von Friedrich Schiller gelesen. Es is eine Ode, die in 1785 geschrieben war der Sturm und Drang Epoche. Es ist besonders bekannt für seine musikalischen Einstellung komposiert von Ludwig van Beethoven in seiner neunten Symphonie.  Die Website hat Sounddateien aus Beethovens Symphonie.  Die Ode ruft in der Welt und fordert seine Mitarbeiter für die Bruderschaft von Gott.  Wenn man ist in der Brüderlichkeit, dann ist man von der Sünde vergeben.

Andreus Gryphius: Es ist alles eitel

Andreas Gryphius hat dieses Gedicht in der Dreißigjärigerkrieg geschrieben. Ich glaube daß, es der allgemeinen Sicht der Zeit entspricht. Das deutsche Volk hatte hart gearbeitet, die Entwicklung ihrer Kultur, aber es wurde mit Füßen getreten durch seine Leute in diesem Krieg. Der Autor bringt seine Trauer für sein Vaterland in diesem Gedicht. Gryphius hat Städte zerrissen von diesem Bürgerkrieg gesehen, und wollte dieses Gedicht zu schreiben, um seine Leser denken seine Botschaft. Das Gedicht kann in heutigen Tag als Ermutigung sein. Es könnte die Menschen zu schützen, was die Menschheit hat, und werfen Sie es nicht mit einem Argument.

The Baroque Novel and the Romance Tradition, S. 330


After the printing press had been invented and improved over the years, printers began releasing translations of very old works. Authors of the late 17th century began composing fictional novels based on the ancient Greek “romance” novels. Authors of these novels would often follow a model that listed certain plot factors that should appear in a decent work (a similar table can be found on page 332 of the textbook). One such author was Daniel Caspar von Lohenstein who composed the novel Arminius. The novel is over 3000 pages and was one of the more popular books in Germany at the time. In the textbook, a professor of feudal law in 18th century Leipzig tells what it was like as a young student eager to read Lohenstein’s latest novel. The novel mixes a complicated plot and dozens of characters with detailed historical descriptions and examples of social customs of the time. The story follows the romance novel model by containing characters deeply in love but separated, a malefactor who is thoroughly wicked, a big battle scene, a happy ending, lovers reunite, etc. An ancient Greek novel written by Heliodorus called Ethiopian Story is said to contain all elements of the romantic novel model. Using a set of standard guidelines for story creation seems to have carried over into the 21st century. I think that many movie writers follow a set of guidelines that have been tested and proven to maximize profit, rather than attempt to create a good story. However, I feel that movie audiences will one day demand movies with more substance and effort.

Ich habe über barocke Literatur auf dieser Website gelesen. Die Literatur würde Metaphern und Allegorie verwenden, um neue Ideen und Werte auszudrücken. Fromme Themen waren ein großes Teil barocke Literatur, weil die römische Kirche der Hauptkunde war.